We can measure defensive ability across many different categories, including:
a) how well he keeps opposing drivers in front of him (keep in front% or KIF%)
b) how well he contests, alters, or blocks shots (Contest+%)
c) opposing players' field goal percentage when he is defending (FG% Against)
d) how well he double teams (Double Team Effectiveness Rate or DBL)
e) how well he helps on defense (Help Effectiveness Rate or HELP)
A) Keep in Front
In our sample (which includes the final quarter of last season and a little less than half the games played this season), Novak's KIF% is 56%. This includes all situations, from screens to closeouts to isos. This puts him below the median for the Knicks, a little better than the league average, and just about 10 percentage points higher than Kobe Bryant (with apologies to morning radio hosts who still think Kobe is an adequate defender).
Our data has already shown the importance of getting a hand up on shooters. At 38%, Novak's Contest+% is average for the Knicks but toward the bottom of the league.
C) FG% Against
Novak at 42.11% is average in this metric for both the Knicks and the league.
D) Double Team Effectiveness
DBL measures all attempted double teams as well as outcomes deemed effective (no points, no assist, etc.) and ineffective (assist, pass to open shot, crucial pass, foul, points). At only 6% DBL, Novak is the worst double team defender on the Knicks and watching the film is a painful experience. Novak's inability to double quickly allows offenses to easily find open shooters. Furthermore, Novak allows opponents to split his double team once every 5 attempts. This precipitates a complete defensive breakdown.
E) Help Effectiveness
HELP measures all attempts to help a teammate after a No Keep in Front and again takes into account effective (no points, keep in front, no assist, etc.) and ineffective outcomes. At 12.5% HELP, Novak is again the worst Knick.